December 2015: Nations commit to cooling the planet
On December 12, 2015, 197 countries reached an international agreement to address global warming. Governments that signed on to the Paris Climate Accord committed to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at least enough to limit average global warming to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial temperatures.
Under the Paris agreement, each country volunteers to: set its own goal for reducing GHG emissions; detail how it will reach its goal; and monitor and report on progress.
The Paris agreement, which places a heavy emphasis on the need to replace fossil fuels with clean, renewable energy sources, doesn’t explicitly mention agriculture’s role in increasing soil carbon. However so far, 36 of the 197 countries that have signed the Paris accord have also committed to increasing the levels of carbon stored in soils by investing in and scaling up regenerative agriculture and land-use practices.
Twenty years in the making, the landmark Paris climate deal made history. It was praised as a “turning point for the world” and “the best chance we have to save the one planet that we've got."
But the Paris Climate Accord wasn’t the only history-making moment during the 2015 Paris Climate Summit. On December 1, the French government launched the 4 per 1000: Soils for Food Security and Climate Initiative, a bold plan that, if adopted and implemented on a large scale by the countries that have signed on to the Paris climate deal, has the power to cool the planet and feed the world.
In simplest terms, the 4 per 1000 Initiative calls for countries to draw down more carbon than they emit, and to store it in the soil. How? By scaling up regenerative farming, grazing and land-use practices. These practices lead to an increase in photosynthesis—nature’s own system for pulling excess carbon out of the air and sequestering it in the soil. They also produce more drought-resistant and resilient crops, and more nutrient-dense food.
As its name suggests, the 4 per 1000 addresses both global warming and food security. Soil degradation now threatens at least a third of the Earth’s land surface, and climate change is accelerating the rate of degradation. This is having a devastating impact on small farmers (who provide 70 percent of the world’s food) and on global food security. Our capacity to feed 9.5 billion people in 2050 in the face of a changing climate will depend greatly on our ability to restore and maintain the world’s soils.
The 4 per 1000 Initiative is approved under the Lima-Paris Action Agenda, officially recognized by the Paris Climate Accord. The Initiative also aims to strengthen existing synergies between the three Rio Conventions–the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)–and the Committee for Food Security (CFS), the Global Soil Partnership (GSP) and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
From the outset, Regeneration International (RI) has played a prominent role in supporting and promoting the 4 per 1000 Initiative. André Leu, RI’s international director, was one of the original signatories on the founding 4 per 1000 Initiative, at the time representing RI as a founding steering committee member, and IFOAM International as president.
RI has signed on to the Initiative, is a member of the Initiative’s governing consortium which oversees goal-setting, project evaluation and monitoring, funding and other governing matters, and serves on the task force for the Initiative’s Science and Technical Committee.
RI staff participated in the initial 4 per 1000 organizing meeting in Marrakesh in November 2016, and in the first official consortium meeting in Montpelier, France, in 2017. We advise the Initiative staff on communications matters, and on occasion provide translation services.
RI has hosted 4 per 1000 teach-ins in Washington, D.C., and co-organized events to promote the Initiative in Mexico City and in Montreal, Canada, at the Living Soils Symposium. We are co-organizing, with the 4 per 1000 Initiative, NEPAD and others, a 4 per 1000 event in South Africa, in the fall of 2018.
RI asks that all our partners and affiliates to sign on to the 4 per 1000 Initiative. We also encourage and invite all members of local, state, national and international Regeneration Alliances also sign on to both. RI has set a goal of recruiting 50,000 4 per 1000 international signatories by 2020.
The 4 per 1000 Initiative will be successful only if widely adopted and rapidly scaled up, globally. This will require two things: 1) a global campaign to educate policymakers about regenerative agriculture as a climate solution; and 2) funding for regenerative agriculture projects, policy initiatives and farmer training.
Regeneration International, through its Regeneration Alliances, is working to build a critical mass of global support for the 4 per 1000 Initiative as both a means of educating the public and policymakers about the initiative and its potential to address global warming and food security, and of attracting funding for the initiative to accelerate its widespread adoption.
The likelihood of the U.S. joining the many countries that have signed on to the 4 per 1000 Initiative is slim under the current administration. However, if Regeneration Alliances can recruit tens of thousands of organizations, including businesses and research institutions, to formally support the initiative, the alliances can then use that show of support to recruit local and state elected officials to also join the Initiative. Ultimately, these officials may be able to exert influence at the national level.
International Regeneration Alliances are recruiting sign-ons to the 4 per 1000 Initiative for similar reasons, including educating policymakers and building a critical mass of support for funding and regenerative food, farming and land-use policies.
The 4 per 1000 Initiative invites support from:
- Local, regional, state, national and international authorities
- Public/private funding bodies and foundations
- Civil society associations and NGOs
- Farmer organizations
- Agricultural and forestry groups
- Private companies
- Research organizations and training Institutes
Broadly speaking, groups that sign on to the 4 per 1000 Initiative agree to this:
We, governments, representatives of farmers and agricultural sectors, international organizations, scientific and technical research institutes, local government authorities, development banks, foundations, private businesses and non-governmental organizations confirm our will to work for the transition towards productive, highly resilient agriculture based on appropriate soil management which is essential to soil health as emphasized by the World Soil Charter.
After signing the initial documents, organizations may be contacted by the Initiative and asked to provide more information about their interest in the Initiative. They will also be invited to join the Initiative’s interactive platform where they can connect with other 4 per 1000 partners.
The 4 per 1000 Initiative is an international undertaking, led by the French government. Signing on to the Initiative requires signing the Declaration of Intent, and filling out a “request to join” form. The initial steps are easy and straightforward.
Here’s how to sign on:
- Download and fill out this form.
- Download the Declaration of Intent to become partner
- Have the forms signed by a person authorized to represent your organization.
- Send back the form to join and the requested documents indicated at the bottom of the form, as well as the signed Declaration of Intent to the Initiative’s Executive Secretary:
- either by email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- or by post at address:
Initiative 4 pour 1000
c/o CGIAR System Organization
1000 Avenue Agropolis, 34394
Montpellier Cedex 5
Need help? In the U.S., call: 218-226-4164; in Mexico, call: +52 (55) 6257 7901
Additional 4 per 1000 resources
- Read 17 Important Questions and Answers About 4p1000 [download pdf]
- Download this informational brochure
- Watch this short video
- Read this in-depth explanation of the 4p1000 initiative.
- Visit the 4p1000 website for more extensive information and resources. Read through the suggested actions structures can commit to.
- Read the Declaration of Intent for the 4p1000 Initiative. This is what groups will be signing on to.
- Read “First Steps Toward Building a Regeneration Movement in Your Local Community” for suggestions on how to build support around 4p1000.
- See and use this Powerpoint Presentation “Reversing Climate Change with Regenerative Organic Agriculture” by Andre Leu.
- Check out the Sign the Initiative page here
- See countries and groups that have already signed the initiative here.